Dot # 1. The Investigative Judgment
A just and fair judicial system down here on earth is a type of the heavenly court in the sanctuary above. For example: A man commits an act that breaks the law of the land. In fear he tries to escape and hide. But he is finally apprehended, handcuffed, escorted to jail, and locked up in a cell to wait for his trial.

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Before he is found guilty, or sentence pronounced, or executed, his case is investigated. There is a prosecuting lawyer who accuses him of the crime, and reveals the evidence that he deserves the stated punishment for that specific crime. He is also permitted to have a defense lawyer to whom he should be entirely honest, confessing his fault, but also to explain the situation that caused his actions. He may claim self-defense, tell of pressures that pushed him into a certain state of mind, or plead insanity, and the defense lawyer will seek to exhonerate him. When all the evidence is gathered the defense lawyer may have a quiet conference with the judge, saying, “This man came clean and confessed it all to me.

He knows wherein he did wrong and has determined to change his ways. He has demonstrated his effots to conform to the laws of the land, but he is penniless. and cannot pay the fine. I trust him. I have decided to pay the fine, whatever it is out of my own pocket, and I will be responsible for his conduct when released, I know he is worth a “Pardon.” Can you dismiss the case?

So it is in the heavenly court. “All have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” Rom. 3:23. The wages of sin is death. “ Rom. 6:23. Every individual on earth sits waiting in his cell or on death row for execution. For those who lived in past ages, their “cell” is the grave. But the plan of salvation has offered them a defense attorney. Their Advocate who will stand up in the court for them is none other than the Messiah, known as Jesus of Nazareth. Every case will be tried in the court or investigated.
Every motive, every influence, every circumstance, every thought, every action, every reaction, is weighed in the balance. Has the accused opened up to His defense attorney to honestly confess his sins and has he determined to die to selfishness and sin and does he really want to have perfection of character to reflect the image of Jesus fully? Or does he want to continue in his sinful ways. God will permit him to have made a full choice and to grant him his truest wishes. All mankind is still under God’s Law of Love, and the terms of the Original Covenant! Obey and live forever or disobey and die.

The heavenly court convened and the books [of records of mens’ lives] were the end of the 2300 day-year timeline that ended in A.D. 1844. The cases have been coming up, one by one, beginning with the first ones who lived on earth, moving forward, to each succeeding generation, and finally to close with the Investigative Judgment of the living who will be alive to see Jesus come.
The next term is:

The sanctuary built by Moses down here on earth, was a type of the sanctuary in heaven. Heb. 9.
Moses, while in the mountain, was given a “pattern” of exact instructions as to how the earthly sanctuary was to be constructed and used. All through each year, the records of confessed sins were deposited in the Holy Place of the earthly sanctuary. As the year came to an end, the high priest who was a type of Jesus Christ, our High Priest in the heavens, went into the Holy Place, and in type, picked up the accumulated records of confessed sins, and placed them upon himself. He then carried them into the Most Holy Place. As he stood before the ark of the covenant which contained the Ten Commandments that had been broken, he symbolically placed those records on the Mercy Seat and covered them with the blood of the “Lord’s goat” (Lev. 16) that represented the blood of Jesus.

As the sinner brought the lamb to the sanctuary and confessed his sin over it, the lamb was slain. Some of its blood was applied to the horns of the altar, thus registering the sin and its confession in the court yard and Holy Place. It is sinful records that defiled the sanctuary so that once each year the sanctuary needed to be “cleansed.” After the records of sin were blotted out in the Most Holy Place, then the priest came out and also touched the horns of the altar with the blood of the “Lord’s goat” and thus the whole sanctuary was “cleansed” or “restored” to purity. This was the service that was called “The Cleansing of the Sanctuary.” It was a type of the “Cleansing of the Sanctuary” in heaven that began in A.D. 1844 and is still going on at this time. This is the meaning of the prophetic timeline of Dan. 8:14. “ Unto two thousand and three hundred days [years] ; then shall the sanctuary be clelansed”

This “cleansing of the sanctuary” was done on the “Day of At-one-ment.” It is sin that separates man from God. On the “Day of At-one-ment” all sin, in type, was to be taken away that man could be restored to the unity he had before sin entered. The prophecy of Dan. 8:14 stated plainly that at the end of 2300 day-years, the sanctuary “would be cleansed.” From 1844 to the present time we have been living in the antitypical “Day of Atonement” or in the process of the cleansing of the Sanctuary from the records of sin that have been accumulating there since the fall of man in Eden! The “Day of Atonement” was not just the cleansing of a building or temple of the records of sin, but was also a cleansing of the people themselves!

“And this shall be a statute forever…
For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you
To cleanse you,
That ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord. “
Lev. 16:29,30.

Since A.D. 1844 we have been living in the antitypical “Day of Atonement” which is a cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary where the records of sin are blotted out, but also to cleanse us from sin that we may be “at-one-ment” with God! Sin is that which separates us from God, and we are to strive to put sin out of our lives that there be no separation left and that we may reflect the image of Jesus fully.

The court is in session. Cases are being tried, one by one. My case may be next on the docket!
How important that our prayers request that God will open our eyes to see our true condition.
We need His help to know how to confess our most hidden and secret sins. We need to remember that “the heart is deceitful! Who can know it? It is “desperately wicked.” We need to pray that God will open our eyes to know “the worst of our case” so we can confess to our Advocate who is also the final judge. John 5:22. He will not lose a case!


“Repent ye therefore, and be converted,
That your sins may be blotted out,
When the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord.” Acts 3:19.

It is those who are pleading with God to separate them from sin during the antitypical “Day of Atonement” that will receive the refreshing “Latter Rain” of the Holy Spirit to enable them to give the “Loud Cry” final warning message to the world just before the seven last plagues begin.

The work of Jesus Christ in the court of the sanctuary is likened to an eastern wedding. In those countries, women did not have legal rights, nor did they sign any legal documents of transfer any money. It was only the men who could do legal business. In a marriage, a dowry was paid to the father of the bride by the bridegroom. After all the legal documents were signed at the courthouse, the friends of the bridegroom were waiting for him with a sedan chair. They then carried him in a joyful procession of music and dancing down the streets to the home of the bride. She had not been present at the courthouse for that legal work to be done, but had been at home making herself ready using all manner of cosmetics, putting on her wedding dress and arranging her hair. As the noisy procession neared her house, she was ready to be placed on the sedan chair beside the bridegroom. Yogether they rode to his father’s house, where they would dwell together as man and wife to become “one flesh.” It was another aspect of the “at-one-ment.”

In like manner, Jesus referred to himself in all four gospels as the “Bridegroom.” His church or His people are represented as the “bride, adorned for her husband.” Rev. 21:2. On Oct. 22, 1844 Jesus did not come as expected. At that time, his people were not the bride, but guests at the wedding. They were to wait for Him to return from the wedding or marriage (legal procedures in the court). Not until He returns to get His bride, will she be the bride spoken of in the parables. We are to wait for the Bridegroom to complete the legal work in the heavenly courthouse to return from the wedding or marriage.

Thus far, the dots have been connected in regard to the Investigative Judgment of the dead which began in 1844. That work has been moving forward in time, to each succeeding generation until it comes to the judgment of the living. When that is completed, probationary time will close, and the seven last plagues will fall upon the earth. It is at the judgment of the living, that the action changes taking on an intensity not seen previously. Pulling aside the curtain that veils the spiritual battle behind the scenes, we need to know the following:

The Challenge

In heaven’s court, Satan is the prosecuting attorney! He is the “accuser of the brethren.” He knows what sins he has led them into and has an accurate list of all their failures! He declares that once a sin is tasted, it cannot be resisted. He knows the temptations to which they fell and declares that their characters are set to do evil. He points to their weakness and insists that under enough pressure and stress they will return to their old bad habits. He points to the long ages in which the struggle has always seemed to prove him right! He points to Moses, who struck the rock in anger in his old age, the same anger in which he killed the Egyptian in his youth. He points to God’s people, revealing their tendencies to gossip, back biting, ugliness of spirit toward their brethren down through the ages.

Satan claims that God does not have the right to resurrect such persons to receive eternal life, unless Satan is also given the same privileges. He shouts to the universe, “God is not fair. He does not have the power to prevent sin from rising up a second time. Once resurrected, they will all go back to their old ways!
Meeting the Challenge

The whole universe is looking on. They have thrilled with horror at the scenes of sin and evil on this planet. They want no part of it to continue into eternity. They hear Satan’s arguments. It is true that all through earth’s history, God has permitted converted men who chose to serve God, to struggle against sin all the days of their life. They need to know from what they are being delivered. That struggle has seemed to defeat them right up to the day of their death. They have never seen God’s people in a perfect state. Does God really have the power to keep a sinner, or the whole host of them, when under stress, from sinning? For centuries those who desired to be in God’s kingdom have needed to confess over and over again their failures. And the sin’pardoning Saviour has covered them with His robe of righteousness. But what will happen when probation closes, when every case has been processed in the court, and the Mediator steps out of the sanctuary during the seven last plagues? What then will keep them from death and defeat?

Before Jesus returns in the clouds of heaven, He will demonstrate to the universe, that the Godhead does indeed have the power to overcome sin in those who are willing to serve Him without reservation. Not just in one individual, but in a group known as the 144,000. They will have confessed their sins, and asked for pardon. They are submitted entirely to God’s will and trust Him fully. They will receive the “Latter Rain” to be filled with the Holy Spirit. Mntally, and spiritually they will reflect the image of Jesus perfectly. But in their bodies they still have the “scars” of sin and therefore cannot say, “I am sinless” until they are translated. They will be God’s showpiece to the universe. They will demonstrate what he will do for all His people in the great general resurrection. They will be translated without seeing death, because they have died to self serving and they come, “Holy, Harmless, and Undefiled.” How will this be accomplished?

In A.D. 1844, the Investigative Judgment began with the first generation that lived upon this earth. The judgment has continued through each succeeding generation until it finally closes with the living. What will God do for the last generation to prepare them to live after probation closes and every case has been decided? How then will they live through the seven last plagues safely? To be translated without seeing death when Jesus comes? The next items are an explanation of a “peculiar” application or special work that will be done for them that is known as the “final atonement” or “the change of raiment.”


“And he showed me Joshua the high priest…[representing God’s people standing before the angel of the Lord [Jesus] And Satan standing at his right hand to resist him…. Now Joshua was clothed in filthy garments, And stood before the angel.”
And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying Take away the filthy garments from him.
And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, And I will clothe thee with change of raiment.” Zech. 3:1-4.

In ancient Israel, Joshua the high priest represented the whole congregation. His “filthy garments” represented all the sins of the people. “the angel of the Lord” refers to Michael, the archangel, the second Person of the Godhead, known to us as Jesus Christ. Jesus is retaining names in the Lamb’s Book of [eternal] Life. But Satan is there in the court, accusing the brethren and arguing as usual. For brevity and clarity, the following explanation follows:

“Zechdariah’s vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience of God’s people in the closing up of the great day of atonement. …He [Satan] points to their filthy garments, their defective characters, He presents their weakness and folly, their sins of ingratitude, their unlikeness to Christ, which has dishonored their Redeemer…He pronounces them just as deserving as himself of exclusion from the favor of God. “Are these” he says, “ “the people who are to take my place in heaven and the place of angels who united with me?” …While they profess to obey the law of God, have they kept its precepts? Have they not been lovers of self rather than lovers of God? Have they not placed their own interests above His service? Have they not loved the things of the world? Look at the sins which have marked their lives. Behold their selfishness, their malice, their hatred toward one another..” T 5 473-4.

Satan presses his arguments before the court and the universe. He declares, “Will God banish me and my angels from His presence, and reward those who have been guilty of the same sins? Thou canst not do this, O Lord, in justice. Thy throne will not stand in righteousness and judgment. Justice demands that sentence be pronounded against them.” Ibid.

How does Jesus answer such arguments?

“…the divine Advocate pleads in their behalf. [saying] ‘The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan.’ I gave my life for these souls. They are graven upon the palms of My hands.” Ibid. 474.

As this struggle goes on in heaven’s court, what is happening to God’s people down here on earth?

“The assaults of Satan are strong, his delusions are terrible, but the Lord’s eye is upon His people. Their affliction is great, the flames of the furnace seem about to consume them; but Jesus will bring them forth as gold tried in the fire. Their earthliness must be removed that the image of Christ may be perfectly reflected. Unbelief must be overcome; faith, hope and patience are to be developed….they humble themselves before the Lord on account of their own transgressions. …they are regaining the strength and nobility of character lost in consequence of sin….As the people of God afflict their souls before Him pleading for purity of heart, the command is given, and the encouraging words are spoken, “Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with a change of raiment.” The spotless robe of Christ’s righteousness is placed upon the tried, tempted, yet faithful children of God. The despised remnant are clothed in glorious apparel, nevermore to be defiled by the corruptions of the world…Now they are eternally secure from the the tempter’s devices.” Ibid. 475.

As Zechariah viewed this final atonement for God’s people he was so thrilled that he called out, “Let them set a fair mitre [hat] upon his head.” Zech. 3:5. The hat or “bonnet” that the high priest in Israel wore, was a work of art. It was a golden crown, that was fastened to the blue cloth hat with blue lace. On the front of the crown was a goldn plate with an inscription on it that said, “Holiness unto the Lord” or as we would say today, “The Lord our Righteousness.”

The golden plate was known as the “NAZAR” that pointed forward to Jesus of Nazareth. Matt.2:23. Jesus took the Nazarite vow (Nu. 6:2) at His communion supper saying: “I will not drinki henceforth Of this fruit of the vine, until I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” Matt. 26:26. This gives assurance that the action of Zech. 3 will be accomplished. The high priest in Israel could not enter the Most Holy Place until he was wearing that NASAR plate on the golden crown of his mitre-hat. None may enter the Most Holy Place of the Sanctuary for final atonement without faith in Jesus of Nazareth as our Creator-Redeemer and The Lord our Righteousness.

What does the “Change of Raiment” in the “closing up” of the Investigative Judgment process in heaven, accomplish toward the plan of salvation? Continue to the nest term, “The Seal of God.”

Dot # 8. “THE SEAL OF GOD.”

In preparation for the long winter months when gardens no longer produce food, it is a common practice to “can” it up. Factories produce millions of cans of fruits and vegetables that are sterilized, put in glass or metal container and sealed shut, to wait for months or even years, to be opened, expecting the content to still be edible. Others are freeze dried and the bag sealed shut. Nearly every thing that is purchased today, is sealed inside some kind of tough plastic that requires sharp and strong instruments to get them open.

Every letter that is posted has a flap that will seal the message inside so that it cannot be tampered with or lost along the way. “Sealing always has to do with preservation so that the contents can reach a destination or survive without damage until needed. What will preserve God’s people through the seven last plagues, without a Mediator, so that there will be some alive to greet Jesus when He comes in the clouds of heaven? This is called the “Seal of God.” What makes the “Seal of God” so necessary?

The heavenly court of Dan. 7 and 8, remains in session until every case has been decided. Every name of every individual that has confessed the name of Jesus, comes up in that Investigative Judgment process. That At-one-ment process continues until every one that is safe to save is retained in the “Lamb’s Book of Life” and the kingdom of God is made up. Then Jesus will “throw down the censer” (Dan. 8:5) and His work as Mediator High Priest is finished. This is known as “The Close of Probation.”

As long as Jesus is in the sanctuary, probationary time continues, but when His work is done and every case has been decided, He has another work to do. He takes off His priestly robe and puts on “The garment of vengeance.” He leaves the sanctuary [no longer a Mediator for sin] and enters the cloudy chariot to direct the final movements on earth described as the seven last plagues. This will be a fearful time for the people of God. How can they live under the most terrible conditions that occur during the seven last plagues without a Mediator? They are purified and then sealed reflecting the image of Jesus perfectly, a “church” without spot or blemish to wait it out until Jesus is seen coming in the heavens.

The following statement is a description of the sealing of God’s people.

“The spotless robe of Christ’s righteousness is placed upon the tried, tempted, yet faithful children of God. The despised remnant are clothed in glorious apparel, nevermore to be defiled by the corruptions of the world. Their names are retained in the Lamb’s Book of
Life, enrolled among the faithful of all ages. They have resisted the wiles of the deceiver; they have not been turned from their loyalty by the dragon’s roar. Now they are eternally secure from the tempter’s devices. Their sins are transferred to the originator of sin.
The remnant are not only pardoned and accepted, but honored. “A fair mitre is set upon their heads.” They are to be kings and priests unto God. While Satan was urging his accusations and seeking to destroy this company, holy angels unseen, were passing to and
fro, placing’upon them the seal of the living God. “ T 5 475.

Who exactly are these people:

Dot # 9. “THE 144,000 THOUSAND”.

The word, “virgins” as used in Matt. 25 is a figurative term representing all Christians. It is also used in a description of the 144,000 and leads to a conclusion that that it is a figurative number that represents a specific group of true worshippers of those who will still be living to see Jesus coming in the clouds of heaven. Then it is possible that it is a literal number whose names have been in the Lamb’s Book of Life from before the foundations of this world were laid. They are sealed in catagories or “tribes,” when combined, reflect the excellent facets of character of their Redeemer. They are described in Rev. 7:2-9. There is no Biblical definition as to whether the number is literal or figurative, but there is much that the Bible gives as to other information regarding them as follows:

1. They are sealed in their “foreheads” [minds]. Rev. 7:3. Heb. 10:16.
2. They are sealed with the Father’s name in their “foreheads” [minds]
(The Father’s name is his character which is written in His Laws. Ex 33:17-23.)
(The Laws of God are written in the “foreheads” or minds of the 144,000.
3. They are human beings “redeemed from the earth.” Rev. 14:3
4. They are undefiled with “women”—the harlot daughters of Babylon. Rev. 14:4.
5. They “follow the Lamb.” They keep all His commandments, have his testimony which is the Spirit of prophecy (Rev. 19:10. They observe His statutes. They are the “first fruit”: or first group to reflect the image of Jesus fully.
6. They love “Present Truth” and all truth and hate all manner of false ideas, “guile.”
7. They are without fault—sins all confessed and foregiven and sealed in perfection.
8. They will be translated without seeing death. (They died to self and sin.)
9. They come, “holy, harmless, undefiled.” Heb. 7:26. (like Jesus.)
10. God’s proof to the universe that He has power to re-create in perfection at resurrection.

“While Satan was urging his accusations and seeking to destroy this company, angels, unseen, were passing to and fro, placing upon them the seal of the living God. These are they that stand upon Mt. Zion with the Lamb, having the Father’s name written in their foreheads. They sing the new song, before the throne, that song which no man can learn save the hundred and forty four thousand.” T. 5. 476.


What is the “everlasting covenant.” A “covenant” is an agreement or contract between at least two parties. It is a promise, that if certain conditions are met, certain things will be accomplished. Such contracts are made today regarding mortgages, car loans, settling of estates, and other legal matters. When man sinned, God offered him a “second” opportunity to have eternal life. If man would confess his sins, and seek the Lord to give him power to change his ways, the Lords contracted to redeem him from his bondage to Satan, to write the Laws of God in his heart and mind forever.

“This is the covenant that I will make with them after these days,
Saith the Lord,
I will put my laws into their hearts,
And in their minds I will write them.” Heb. 10:16.
And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.” Heb. 10:17.

When the 144,000 have the Law of Love written in their hearts and in their minds, they will be the proof that God has the power to do the same for all that are to come up in the resurrection of all the ages. What does it mean to have the law of God written in heart and mind? The Holy Spirit of prophecy has defined it for us as follows:

“God will not break his covenant,
Nor alter the thing that is gone out of his lips…
At the judgment, this covenant will be brought forth.”
Prophets and Kings 187.

“Christ will clothe His faithful ones in His own righteousness…
Thus will be realized the complete fulfillment of the covenant promise.”
The Great Controversy 484,485.

Their sins have gone beforehand to judgment,
And have been blotted out,
And they cannot bring them to remembrance.”
The Great Controversy 620.

A Prayer for Final Atonement

Father, Eternal God on High
Prepare me to live, or to die
To be sealed in mind by Thy sweet Dove
Imprinting there your Holy Law of Love
The reflection of your true character
Just claim me as Yours forever.

Stand up for me, O Jesus Christ
Be my Attorney in the court.
When my name comes up in judgment
Guarantee complete fulfillment
That sin shall not arise in me a second time.
Blot out my sins, but not my name.