“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
And God said,  “let there be light.”  Gen. 1:1.

For the first four days of creation, God Himself was the Source of light.   As the world began to turn on its axis, half was in darkness and the other half illuminated by the light of God’s presence.   Therefore “the evening and the morning were the first day [of creation]. “  Gen. 1:1-5,8,13,19,23,31.   The seventh-day Sabbath that is a memorial of the Creator’s work is still computed in that way, beginning in the evening and continuing to the next evening—sundown to sundown.

God created most ambulatory animals with eyes—an extension of the brain, to see while it is light. They usually rest or sleep while darkness reigns.   The light of God encompasses more than visual acuity but also encompasses knowledge, skills, accomplishments, wisdom and other brain functions. But it is necessary for light to enable the eye and brain to function at peak activity.

Therefore in the same verse that defines a creation day there is another definition of a “day”


“And God called the lightday” and the darkness he called night.”  Gen. 1:5.

This definition of a “day” was used by God’s people, and mentioned in the New Testament. Beginning the day as the “first hour” at sunrise.   (See  Matt. 27:45)   They counted the hours of the day from sunrise when the sun became visible and the light of day continued.

Sophisticated man is always looking for something “new and improved” better than God’s plan. In the scientific wisdom of man, he invented a new definition of a “day.”   With the invention of various time pieces, refusing God’s definition, they declared that the day begins at midnight—in the darkness of the night.  The hours are numbered as 1:oo am, 2:00 am  etc. and we rise at 6:00 a.m. and many watches continue to number the hours up to 24.   “he shall think to change times and laws”  Dan. 7:25.

On the fourth day of creation, God placed lights in the heavens.  The sun and the moon began to give light to the earth. 

“to give light upon the earth.”  Gen. 1:14-16.

Again, light facilitates vision. Both sun and moon were given to be seen, and to count out time. Whereas, the sun “rules the day” one orbit by this planet around the sun counts out one year. The sun marks out the timing for the memorial of creation and the time to worship the Creator. The moon was to “rule” the timing for annual holidays—feast day Statutes.   The new moon was to begin the year, the month, and to begin the special days of worship of the Creator-God.

For centuries, the people of God looked up in the sky to see the first sliver of the new moon to know when to begin counting out the year, the months, and special feast days.

Again, sophisticated man, with his inventions such as the telescope and computer with its software, and their astronomical wisdom set up a new definition of the new moon. Just as “the day” was begun at midnight when people are sleeping, the new moon was defined as beginning in its dark phase when the actual alignment of sun, moon, and earth hides the moon from our eyes, so that it cannot be seen.

If God instructed His people to begin counting the beginning of the new year, and each month, and counting from the new moon to their feast days, and then hid the new moon in total darkness,  His instructions would be most unreasonable and unjust. God is neither facetious nor playing games with his people. His commands are reasonable and can be obeyed.  The idea that the new moon occurs in its darkened phase when it cannot be seen with the naked eye is a hidden stroke against the character of God.  Israel, for centuries had no Naval Observatory nor computers to know when that alignment would occur and would have been “in the dark” as to when to start their counting out of time. No, God put the sun and moon in the heavens where every inhabitant of earth could look up and see them with their eyes and it was that visible sliver of moon that alerted them and enabled them to count out time and make their yearly Scriptural calendars.

Just as it is necessary to see the light of the sun that “rules the day” at sunrise to know when the new day has come, so also it is necessary to see the new noon arise to know how to count out the time for years, months, and days to the “appointed time” for worship.

The following text makes clear the fact that the laws ordained by God for their “appointed times” to worship the Creator–God were to be counted from the new moon which emerged from its darkened phase.

“Blow up the trumpet in the new moon,
In the time appointed on our solemn feast day.
For this [is] a statute (law) for Israel,
And a law of the God of Israel.”  Ps. 81:3,4.

What about Baal worship, where they worship the moon goddess? Was Israel in apostasy because they worshipped the moon goddess as they saw the crescent moon to establish their yearly calendar? It is true that the crescent moon became the IKON for false religions and it is still with us today in the religion of Islam. But was the observation of the crescent moon, to regulate their timing and seasons, a part of their apostasies? Or were they following God’s directions?

We need to remember that Satan is not a creator! He has nothing new to offer. Any practices by false religions were borrowed from God’s original truth and religious instructions to His people. If some worshippers use the crescent moon for an IKON of their religion, they borrowed it from God’s original true worship. The crescent moon of Islam is borrowed from Israel. And, yes, Allah is the ancient name for the moon goddess.

It is important to recognize that Gen. 1:5 gives two different definitions of a “day.” One definition gives understanding of a day of creation of 24 literal hours. The other is a practical definition of the light part that is, throughout history, ruled by the sun from sunrise to sunset and visible to the naked eye. That is Inspiration. But man is always thinking his definitions are smarter than that which God has specified. They “muddy the waters” by setting new standards and regulations so that man cannot see or be intelligent regarding the most simple of things in his surroundings. They think they have something new and “scientific” that keeps important information “in the dark”.